E-scooters, hoverboards and hovershoes may be used on private land provided that the land owner grants permission. Since such powered transporters may only be used on private land, there are no laws governing maximum speed, minimum age, brakes, insurance plates, driver’s licences, helmets or indicators.
In the United Kingdom, it is currently illegal to use “powered transporters”, which includes e-scooters, segways, hoverboards, hovershoes, on any public road or space dedicated for use by pedestrians, cyclists and horse riders.
For any vehicle to use public roads lawfully, it must comply with technical standards, be insured, taxed, licensed and registered and the driver must be tested before being allowed on the road. Since e-scooters, hoverboards and hovershoes do not conform with any of these stipulations, it is illegal to drive them on the road.
Powered transporters are also prohibited from using pavements and pedestrian-only areas by section 72 of the Highway Act 1835, which states that it is illegal to ride any form of “carriage” (which applies to all motorised vehicles except mobility scooters and wheelchairs) on the pavement. The Road Traffic Act 1988 moreover prohibits the use of powered transporters on footpaths.
Cycle lanes are also out of bounds for powered transporters according to section 21 of the Road Traffic Act 1988, which states that only pedal cycles (with an exemption for mobility scooters) may use such spaces.
The legal framework is constantly changing in all European countries. We therefore do not assume any liability for the accuracy and timeliness of the information!